Collective merchant responsibility for foreign debt failed in China and contributed to the Opium War. Yet it crossed to the West and bred bank deposit insurance in the U.S. The history of a legal transplant.
Litigants matter. Their social position speaks volumes about access to justice. This is as true now as it was in ancient Rome, except that the Romans are, put bluntly, long dead. But every now and then they can be brought back to life: meet Mrs. Moschis.