The increased number of Dutch foreign fighters in recent years has drawn a lot of attention and created fears of a terrorist attack. However, the Netherlands has been dealing with foreign fighters for more than a decade. What can we learn from the past?
The ideological value of jihadi networks is often regarded as one of the key factors that attract new individuals. We illustrate however that vulnerable individuals, such as irregular immigrants, are also attracted by the pragmatic value.
We often assume we understand what terrorism and radicalism mean. Our interpretations and assumptions of these concepts are at the basis of what we criminalize and condemn. However, they are not always as clear-cut as we think.