In its recent judgment Commission v. France (C-416/17), the CJEU indicates that it is ready to do whatever it takes to preserve the integrity of EU law – a strong for European judicial dialogue in times of worrying judicial developments across the EU.
Tag: Preliminary Reference
Two recent judgments by the European Court of Justice illuminate the practical application of the acte clair doctrine of EU law, which determines when a court of last instance is freed from its obligation to refer a question on EU law to the ECJ.
The preliminary reference procedure is not a modern invention. It has travelled a long way through time and space – from southern to northern Europe, from Roman imperial times to the 21st century.